JMU F18 Week 4


2018-09-21 18:30 UTC

JMU F18 Week 4


2018-09-27 20:00 UTC
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Problem F
A Question of Ingestion

Stan Ford is a typical college graduate student, meaning that one of the most important things on his mind is where his next meal will be. Fortune has smiled on him as he’s been invited to a multi-course barbecue put on by some of the corporate sponsors of his research team, where each course lasts exactly one hour. Stan is a bit of an analytical type and has determined that his eating pattern over a set of consecutive hours is always very consistent. In the first hour, he can eat up to $m$ calories (where $m$ depends on factors such as stress, bio-rhythms, position of the planets, etc.), but that amount goes down by a factor of two-thirds each consecutive hour afterwards (always truncating in cases of fractions of a calorie). However, if he stops eating for one hour, the next hour he can eat at the same rate as he did before he stopped. So, for example, if $m=900$ and he ate for five consecutive hours, the most he could eat each of those hours would be $900$, $600$, $400$, $266$ and $177$ calories, respectively. If, however, he didn’t eat in the third hour, he could then eat $900$, $600$, $0$, $600$ and $400$ calories in each of those hours. Furthermore, if Stan can refrain from eating for two hours, then the hour after that he’s capable of eating $m$ calories again. In the example above, if Stan didn’t eat during the third and fourth hours, then he could consume $900$, $600$, $0$, $0$ and $900$ calories.

Stan is waiting to hear what will be served each hour of the barbecue as he realizes that the menu will determine when and how often he should refrain from eating. For example, if the barbecue lasts $5$ hours and the courses served each hour have calories $800$, $700$, $400$, $300$, $200$ then the best strategy when $m=900$ is to eat every hour for a total consumption of $800+600+400+266+177 = 2\, 243$ calories. If however, the third course is reduced from $400$ calories to $40$ calories (some low-calorie celery dish), then the best strategy is to not eat during the third hour — this results in a total consumption of $1\, 900$ calories.

The prospect of all this upcoming food has got Stan so frazzled he can’t think straight. Given the number of courses and the number of calories for each course, can you determine the maximum amount of calories Stan can eat?


Input starts with a line containing two positive integers $n$ $m$ ($n \leq 100, m \leq 20\, 000$) indicating the number of courses and the number of calories Stan can eat in the first hour, respectively. The next line contains $n$ positive integers indicating the number of calories for each course.


Display the maximum number of calories Stan can consume.

Sample Input 1 Sample Output 1
5 900
800 700 400 300 200
Sample Input 2 Sample Output 2
5 900
800 700 40 300 200