In this problem, you have to analyze a particular sorting algorithm. The algorithm processes a sequence of $n$ distinct integers by swapping two adjacent sequence elements until the sequence is sorted in ascending order. For the input sequence
9 1 0 5 4 ,
Ultra-QuickSort produces the output
0 1 4 5 9 .
Your task is to determine how many swap operations Ultra-QuickSort needs to perform in order to sort a given input sequence.
Input begins with a line that contains a single integer $1 \le n \le 500\, 000$ – the length of the input sequence. Each of the the following $n$ lines contains a single integer $0 \le a[i] \le 999\, 999\, 999$, the $i$-th input sequence element.
Prints a single line containing an integer number op, the minimum number of swap operations necessary to sort the given input sequence.
|Sample Input 1||Sample Output 1|
5 9 1 0 5 4
|Sample Input 2||Sample Output 2|
3 1 2 3